Aircraft Wiki

The Fábrica Argentina de Aviones SA (FAdeA), officially Fábrica Argentina de Aviones "Brigadier San Martín" S.A., is Argentina's main aircraft manufacturer. Founded on 10 October 1927 and located in Córdoba, for most of its existence it was known as Fábrica Militar de Aviones (FMA), until its privatization in the 1990s to Lockheed Martin. In 2009 the concession ended and is wholly owned by the Argentine government.


  • 1History
    • 1.1Privatization (1995)
    • 1.2Nationalization (2010)
  • 2Aircraft design and production
    • 2.1List of aircraft manufactured, projected, or upgraded
  • 3Products
  • 4Gallery
    • 4.1Local designs
    • 4.2Manufactured under license
    • 4.3Engines
  • 5See also
  • 6References
    • 6.1Notes
    • 6.2Bibliography
  • 7Further reading
  • 8External links


1930s view of the FMA workshop

Late 1940s view of the FMA/IAe "Hangar 90" production line: I.Ae.22 DL (back) and I.Ae.24 Calquín (front)

1960s view of the production line: Morane Saulnier 760

Formed on 10 October 1927 and on 18 July 1928 ends the construction and testing begins on the track the first domestically produced aircraft: the license built Avro 504 Gosport training aircraft equipped with a 100 hp (75 kW) Gnome engine. It had a speed of 140 km/h with a flying endurance of 2 hours. A series of indigenous and foreign designs followed, mostly for military use.

The factory is known for producing the first jet fighter aircraft in Latin America: the Pulqui I (1947) and the Pulqui II (1950) under the direction of engineers Emile Dewoitine (French) and Kurt Tank (German) respectively.

In the 1960s produced the Guarani light transport and the Pucara COIN aircraft, followed by the Pampa jet trainer in the 1980s; the last two still in service with the Argentine Air Force as of early 2016.

Privatization (1995)[edit][]

In 1995, FMA was privatized by the government of Carlos Menem and from that year until March 2009 it operated as a concession to LAASA (Lockheed Aircraft Argentina SA, a subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation). Under the terms of the privatization agreement LAASA would operate it for 25 years, which could be renewed for two 10 year periods.

During this period the activity was mostly focused in maintenance and upgrades of existing aircraft in service with the Argentine Air Force.

Nationalization (2010)[edit][]

During the government of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner the factory was nationalized in August 2009 after paying ARS $67 million. The text of the expropriation law provides that "the State cannot divest itself of majority shareholdings or the power to make decisions at the factory." [2][3]

It was renamed after Argentine Air Force Brigadier es:Juan Ignacio San Martín a military engineer who laid the foundations of the aeronautics industry at Córdoba when he directed the Instituto Aerotécnico, the forerunner of the FMA, in the 1940s.

The United States Department of State announced that effective 18 December 2009, Lockheed Martin Aircraft Argentina would be renamed to Fábrica Argentina de Aviones "Brigadier San Martin" S.A. and divested to the Government of Argentina.[4]

Aircraft design and production[edit][]

AeMB.2 Bombi bombers in flight

Pulqui I prototype in flight (c.1951)

I.Ae. 33 Pulqui II

DINFIA IA 35 Huanquero, utility aircraft designed in the early 1950s

Prototype IA 38 Naranjero under construction, early 1960s

IA 46 ‘’Super Ranquel’’ at San Justo airfield (Buenos Aires), April 1975

I.A. 50 Guarani II

I.A. 58 Pucará

I.A. 63 Pampa II

The FMA has produced innovative aircraft prototypes, but the state of the Argentine economy has usually prevented most of them from entering large-scale production. Nevertheless the FMA has managed to put several aircraft types of more conventional designs into full productions. It also engaged in production of licensed aircraft from other countries.

The prefixes used for the aircraft locally developed (and produced) are:

  • Ae, for "Dirección General de Aerotécnica", on the first period (1927–1936);
  • F.M.A., for "Fábrica Militar de Aviones", on the second period (1938–1943);
  • I.Ae., for "Instituto Aerotécnico", on the third period (1943–1952);
  • IA, meaning not specified, on the fourth (current) period (1952 to present).

List of aircraft manufactured, projected, or upgraded[edit][]

Year Model Built Obs
Started as Instituto Aerotécnico
1928 Avro 504K "Gosport" 31 Biplane basic trainer, license-built. First aircraft produced by FMA.
1930 Dewoitine D.21 35 Monoplane fighter, license-built.
1931 FMA AeC.1 1 Civil tourism aircraft prototype (initial version); basic trainer (later version). First local design.
1932 FMA AeC.2 2 Civil tourism aircraft
1932 FMA AeME.1 7 basic military trainer
1933 FMA AeT.1 3 Transport/commercial aircraft
1934 FMA AeMO.1 41 Observation monoplane
1934 FMA AeMOe.1 6 Derivative of the AeMO.1, observation and training
1934 FMA AeMOe.2 61 Variant of the AeMOe.1, observation and training
1934 FMA AeC.3 16 Civil aircraft.
1935 FMA AeMB.1 1 First bomber aircraft built by FMA
1935 FMA AeMB.2 14 First bomber aircraft built by FMA
1935 FMA AeMS.1 1 Ambulance aircraft
1936 FMA AeC.3G 1 Tourism aircraft.
1936 FMA AeC.4 1 Improved prototype version of the C.3G
Name changed to Fabrica Militar de Aviones
1940 Curtiss Hawk 75O 20 License built version of the US monoplane fighter Curtiss Hawk 75[5]
1940 Focke-Wulf Fw 44J Stieglitz 190 License built version of the German biplane trainer
1940 FMA I.Ae.20 El Boyero 130 Tourism aircraft, series built by "Industrias Petrolini"
1943 FMA I.Ae.21 1 Advanced trainer aircraft prototype, based on the North American NA-16-1P fuselage.
1943 FMA I.Ae.22 DL 206 Advanced trainer aircraft
1945 FMA I.Ae.23 1 Basic trainer prototype, based on the Focke-Wulf Fw44J
1945 FMA I.Ae.25 Mañque 1 Assault/Transport glider.
1946 FMA I.Ae.24 Calquín 100 Attack/Light bomber
1947 FMA I.Ae.27 Pulqui 1 Jet fighter prototype, first of its kind built in Latin America.
1947 FMA I.Ae.31 Colibrí 3 Two-seat Trainer aircraft
1948 FMA I.Ae.30 Ñancú 1 Fighter/Attack prototype
1949 FMA I.Ae.32 Chingolo 1 Tourism/Trainer aircraft
1949 FMA I.Ae.34 Clen Antú 3+1+3 Glider, flying wing. Designed by Reimar Horten, also known as the Horten XVa and XVb
1950 FMA I.Ae.33 Pulqui II 5 First swept-wing jet fighter designed in Latin America
1951 FMA I.Ae.36 Cóndor 0 Civil passenger transport, designed by Kurt Tank. Project cancelled, no prototypes built.
1953 DINFIA IA35 Huanquero 2+3+20+9(+1+1) Transport aircraft; variants "Constancia" and "Pandora" executive aircraft.
1953 FMA I.Ae.41 Urubú 4 Flying-wing glider, designed by Reimar Horten, also known as the Horten XVc.
1953 FMA I.Ae.43 Pulqui III 0 Project, swept-wing supersonic jet fighter
1954 FMA I.Ae.37 1 Supersonic delta-wing interceptor, designed by Reimar Horten. Glider, unpowered prototype only.
1960 I.Ae. 38 Naranjero 1 Flying-wing transport/cargo, designed by Reimar Horten.
mid-1950s FMA I.Ae.39 0 Transport, based on the I.Ae.35. Project only.
1956 FMA I.Ae.40 0 Night fighter project.
1953 FMA IAe.44 DL.II 0 Advanced trainer (project, none built)
1959 DINFIA IA 45 Querandí 2 Executive transport, prototypes only (NOTE: some sources mention "1957" and "1" built)
1957 FMA I.Ae. 46 Ranquel 101+116 2-seat utility aircraft. Second series, enhanced variant "Super Ranquel".
1960 FMA I.Ae. 48 Cancelled Fighter aircraft
1960 DINFIA IA 35 Guaraní I 1 Approximate date, transport derived from the I.Ae. 35 "Huanquero"
1963 DINFIA IA 50 Guaraní II 1+2+18+14 Transport aircraft, derived from the IA 35 Guaraní I
Beechcraft T-34 Mentor 75 Trainer, licence built
1965 IA 53 Mamboretá 2 Agricultural aircraft
1960 Morane-Saulnier MS.760 Paris 48 Trainer, licence built
1967 FMA IA 58 Pucará 120 Counter-insurgency/light attack aircraft
1972 FMA IA-59 1 UAV prototype
1975 FMA IA 60 0 Advanced trainer/light attack (project)[6]
1978 FMA IA 62 0 Military trainer (project)
1980 FMA IA 66 Pucará II 1 Single prototype; converted IA-58A powered by two 1,000-ehp (746-kW) Garrett TPE331-11-601W turboprop engines.
1984 FMA IA 63 Pampa 20+12 Advanced trainer. AT-63 currently[when?] under production.
1985 FMA IA 58C Pucará "Charlie" 1 After the 'Malvinas/Falkland' war a revised version of Pucara was designed, a single seat design with 30 mm DEFA cannon, air-to-surface missiles, and better IR protection. The program was cancelled after the prototype was homologated.
(mid-1980s) IA 67 Córdoba 0 Light transport (project)[7]
(mid-1980s) IA 68 ATL 0 Light transport (project); cancelled[citation needed]
(mid-1980s) FMA SAIA 90 0 Supersonic air superiority jet fighter project; cancelled
1990 (IA 70)

Embraer/FMA CBA 123 Vector

2 Turboprop 19-passenger regional airliner, only prototypes built before being cancelled [8]
Name changed to Lockheed Martin Aircraft Argentina SA
1999 Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk 18 other 18 by Lockheed Martin in Pasadena, California, US.
2003 Beechcraft T-34 Mentor Refurbishment of Argentine and Bolivia Air Forces
2006 Lockheed C-130 Hercules Refurbishment of Argentine Air Force and Colombian Air Force aircraft.
Name changed to FAdeA S.A.
2009 FMA IA 63 Pampa II-40 Changing power plant
2010 FMA IA 58 Pucará 1 Changing power plant and avionics (cancelled)
2010 FAdeA IA 73 basic trainer to replace T-34 (cancelled)
2014 FAdeA IA 100 1 elemental trainer and a project to demonstrate the capabilities of the Argentine industry
2018 IA 63 Pampa III Block I 3+1+2 Third evolution of the Pampa aircraft, with 3 more in order for 2019 for the Argentine Air Force. According to local media, Government of Argentina plans to upgrade all Pampa II aircraft to this version. On 3 May 2019 Guatemala Purchased 2 Pampa III aircraft in the same configuration as Argentine Air Force. Delivery is expected before the end of 2019. Currently Guatemala doesn't have any operational Attack and Attack/Training aircraft.[9]
2020-2025 IA 63 Pampa III Block II prototype Light attack version of the Pampa III


Licensed production
  • Piper PA-25 Pawnee
Fixed-wing aircraft
  • FAdeA IA 100
  • FAdeA IA-63 Pampa III
Upgrade and Maintenance
  • Boeing 737
  • Airbus 320
  • Lockheed P-3 Orion
  • Lockheed C-130 Hercules
  • Fokker F28 Fellowship
  • Fokker F27 Friendship
  • Embraer EMB 312 Tucano
  • FMA IA 58 Pucará
  • FMA IA 63 Pampa
  • Bell 206
  • Parachute
  • Wind turbine


Local designs[edit][]

  • Prototype AeC.1 (1931) 
  • AeC.2 (1932) 
  • AeT.1 (1933) 
  • AeMOe.1 
  • AeMS.1 prototype 
  • FMA 20 El Boyero (1940) 
  • Prototype FMA 21 trainer (1943) 
  • I.Ae. 22 DL advanced trainer (1944) 
  • I.Ae. 23 trainer prototype, based on the FW-44J Stieglitz (1944) 
  • I.Ae. 24 Calquin attack aircraft, c.1950 
  • Prototype I.Ae. 25 Mañque glider (1945) 
  • I.Ae. 30 Ñancú (1948) 
  • IAe.31 Colibrí (1947) 
  • I.Ae.32 Chingolo (1949) 
  • I.Ae.33 Pulqui II prototype 5 (1959), preserved, Tecnópolis show, 2012 
  • I.Ae. 34 Clen Antú, tailless glider designed by Reimar Horten, late 1940s 
  • Model I.A. 36 Cóndor, airliner designed by Kurt Tank, early 1950s 
  • FMA I.Ae. 37 fighter prototype (1953) 
  • IAe.41 Urubú flying wing glider (1953) 
  • IA 45 Querandi light transport prototype (1957) 
  • IA 50 Guaraní I (1962) 
  • Prototype Guarani II, 1965 Paris Air Salon 
  • IA 53 Mamboretá agricultural aircraft prototype (mid-1960s) 
  • IA-59, prototype Unmanned aerial vehicle, early 1970s 
  • FMA IA 63 Pampa, Paris Air Show, 1991 
  • CBA 123 / IA 70 prototype, Farnborough 1990 
  • FAdeA I.A. 73 Unasur I mock-up 
  • FAdeA I.A. 100, August 2016

Manufactured under license[edit][]

  • Dewotine D.21 
  • Curtiss Hawk 75O 
  • FW-44J Stieglitz 
  • Morane-Saulnier MS-760 Paris, Mendoza, 2005


  • I.Ae. R-16 El Gaucho 
  • I.Ae. R-19 El Indio