The Fouga CM.175 Zéphyr is a 1950s French two-seat carrier-based jet trainer. It is a modification of the land-based CM.170 Magister.
The Aéronavale (French Naval Aviation) had chosen the CM.170 Magister for training carrier pilots for the French Navy's aircraft carriers Arromanches, Clemenceau and Foch, but the aircraft needed some modifications for carrier use. The Navy ordered two prototypes, and later on 10 April 1956 30 production aircraft. The type was initially known as the CM.170M Esquif (Skiff), but was renamed CM.175 Zéphyr after the first prototype made its maiden flight on 31 July 1956. The first production CM.175 made its first flight on 30 May 1959.
The Zéphyr is largely identical to the Magister, but has an arrestor hook, strengthened landing gear and sliding cockpit canopies that could be kept open during launches and landings.
The Zéphyr entered service in October 1959. From 1961 to 1962 the aerobatic demonstration team Patrouille de Voltige d'Hyéres used four CM.175s. The Zéphyrs were retired in 1994 after logging 107,300 flying hours.
- CM.170M Esquif - prototype version. 2 built.
- CM.175 Zéphyr - production version. 30 built.
- French Navy
- Crew: 2
- Length: 10.06 m (33 ft 0 in)
- Wingspan: 12.15 m (39 ft 10 in) (with wingtip fuel tanks)
- Height: 2.80 m (9 ft 2 in)
- Wing area: 17.30 m2 (186.2 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 2,150 kg (4,740 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 3,200 kg (7,055 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Turbomeca Marboré IIA turbojets, 3.92 kN (882 lbf) thrust each
- Maximum speed: 715 km/h (444 mph, 386 kn) at 9,000 m (30,000 ft)
- Range: 925 km (575 mi, 499 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 11,000 m (36,000 ft)
- Armament: 2 x 7.5 mm or 7.62 mm AA-52 machine guns with 150 rounds each (later removed), up to 100 kg (220 lb) of weapons on two underwing hardpoints