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A Tempest VI in flight.

The Hawker Tempest was Britain's most successful fighter next to the Supermarine Spitfire during WWII. The Tempest scored 20 kills against the Me 262 jet fighter and the V-1 flying bombs. There were two different versions of the Tempest. The first version (Tempest V) was powered by a Napier Sabre 24-cylinder flat-H engine; while the second version (Tempest II) was powered by a Bristol Centaurus V radial.


9 11 (1)

Tempest Mk.II Unit: 16 Sqn, RAF Serial: EG-X (PR733) Pilot - Flight Lieutenant R.E.Mooney. Circa 1947.


A development of the Hawker Typhoon with a thinner semi elliptic wing, two prototypes of the Hawker Tempest was initially ordered under Specification F.10/41 in November 1941 as the Typhoon II, before the numerous changes resulted in the name being changed to Tempest.[1] Designated Tempest Mk I, these featured a longer forward fuselage to hold more fuel, to compensate for the reduction in fuel tankage resulting from the thinner wing, and a 2,340 hp Sabre IV engine with wing leading edge radiators. These were followed by an additional four prototypes, which were ordered to permit the testing of alternative engines.[2] The Tempest was later followed by the Hawker Fury. [3]

RAF Service[]

Service with other nations[]

Following Indian independence, the Indian Air force received 89 former RAF Tempest II aircraft. [2]

Pakistan received 24 Tempest IIs.[2]

Comparable Aircraft[]

  • Hawker Sea Fury



Hawker Tempest II

A surviving Tempest II inside a museum. No Tempests are in flying condition.


  1. Gunston, Bill. The Illustrated Directory of Fighting Aircraft of World War II. Salamander Books. 1988. ISBN 0 86101 390 5
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. Salamander Books. 2001. ISBN 0 84065 269 1 Page 288
  3. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. Page 289