Aircraft Wiki
Ilyushin Il-28/Harbin H-5
NATO ID Code Beagle
Standard Il-28[1]
Origin (Il-28) Ilyushin (H-5) Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation
Type (Il-28/H-5) Bomber (Il-28U/HJ-5) Trainer (HZ-5) Photo reconnaissance aircraft
Engine (H-5) 2 x 5,590lbf (26.5kN) Liming or Xian WPS Turbojets
Fuel (Max) 7,900 litres
Span 70ft 4in (21.45m)
Length 57ft 11in (17.65m)
Height 22ft (6.7m)
Empty 28,440lb (12,900kg)
Loaded 46,740lb (21,200kg)
Speed 486 kts, 559 mph, 900kn/h
Service Ceiling 40,355ft (12,300m)
Range (H-5 with full payload) 1,296 naut miles, 1491 miles, 2,400km
Armament Four 23mm Norinco Type 23 Cannon - Two in nose with 100 rounds each, Two in Tail turret with 225 rounds each. Up to 6,620lb (3,000kg) of free fall bombs.
First Flight (Il-28) 8 August 1948
End of Production
End of service
Operators (H-5) China, Egypt, North Korea, Romania. (Il-28) USSR/Russia
Number Produced (H-5) At least 540.

The Il-28 (known to NATO as Beagle)is a medium jet bomber developed by the USSR after the end of the Second World War. It was exported many countries was built by China under license, where it was named Harbin H-5. The aircraft is still in service with the Armed Forces of North Korea.


The predecessor of the Il-28 was the Ilyushin Il-24. The prototype of the aircraft made its first flight on 8th July 1948 and was flown by Vladimir Kokkinaki. The aircraft was powered by two British Rolls-Royce Nene engines and production started in 1949. It was unveiled on 8th July 1951 at the Tushino Air Parade. It remained in service with the Soviet Forces for 15 years.


  1. Airliners Website
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Taylor, Michael. Brassey's. 1996. pp24-25


Taylor, Michael. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory. 1996. ISBN 1-85753-198-1