Aircraft Wiki
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19


Role Air superiority fighter
Crew 1
Passengers 1
First flight 1953
Entered service 1955
Manufacturer Mikoyan-Gurevich
Produced 2500
Length 12.5 m
Wingspan 9 m
Height 3,88 m
Wing area 270 sq ft
Empty 5172 kg
Loaded 7560 kg
Maximum takeoff 8662 kg
Engine 2 ×Tumansky RD-9B afterburning turbojets
Power (each) 31.9 kN 7,178 Ibf
Maximum speed 1454 km/h 909 mph
Cruising speed 950 km/h
Range 2000 km
Ceiling 16800 m
Rate of climb 35,425 ft/min

The MiG-19, NATO reporting name "Farmer", is a Soviet second generation jet fighter. It was the first Soviet production aircraft that could fly at super-sonic speeds in level flight. It´s a single seat, twin engine fighter aircraft, it was used as a fighter and fighter-bomber as well as for reconnaissance missions.


The first prototype, designated SM-9/1, made it's initial flight on 5th January 1954, with the type entering production, as the MiG-19, on 17th February, despite state trials not commencing until 30th September. The second prototype - SM-9/2 - soon followed, making it's first flight on 16th September, with early production aircraft entering service in 1955. The significant problems revealed by these aircraft led to design improvements incorporated into the third prototype - SM-9/3 - which had a horizontal all flying slab tail, a spoiler system interlinked to the ailerons and three NR-30 cannon in place of the NR-23s fitted to the earlier prototypes.[1]


MiG-19 (NATO: Farmer A, OKB: SM-9/1), MiG-19P (NATO: Farmer B, OKB: SM-7), MiG-19PG, MiG-19S (NATO: Farmer C, OKB SM-9/3), MiG-19R, MiG-19SF, MiG-19SV, MiG-19SVK, MiG-19SU (OKB: SM-50), MiG-19PF, MiG-19PM (NATO: Farmer E), MiG-19PML, MiG-19PU, MiG-19 PT, MiG-19M, SM-6, SM-12, SM-20, SM-30, SM-K, Avia S-105, J-6 (China)



  1. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. Salamander Books. 2001. ISBN 0 84065 269 1 Page 395