The SEPECAT Jaguar is an Anglo-French ground attack aircraft built as a joint venture between the British Aircraft Corporation and Breguet.
Description[edit | edit source]
Originally intended to fulfill a 1965 requirement for a supersonic light ground attack and training aircraft, the design was amended to include reconnaissance and nuclear strike capability.
Initially built for the French and British air forces, the Jaguar also had some success in export markets with the air forces of India and Oman among others. Britain and France retired the Jaguar in 2007 and 2005 respectively while India and the Oman continue to use theirs.
History[edit | edit source]
Development of the Jaguar began in May 1966, with the establishment of SEPECAT.[N 1] The first of the eight prototypes was a French built two seater. Fitted with a shorter fin than later machines, this made it's initial flight from Istres on 8 September 1968.
Variants[edit | edit source]
Jaguar A[edit | edit source]
Jaguar B (T.Mk 2/2A)[edit | edit source]
Jaguar E[edit | edit source]
Jaguar M[edit | edit source]
- M05: Sole carrier compatible prototype, registration F-ZWRJ. First flown 14 November 1969.
Jaguar S (GR.Mk1/1A)[edit | edit source]
- S06: First British single seat prototype, serial XW560. First flown 12 October 1969. Used for stores and gunnery trials. Destroyed in a ground accident
- S07: Second British single seat prototype, serial XW563. First flown 12 June 1970
- B08: Sole British two seat prototype, serial XW566. First flown 30 August 1970.
Specifications[edit | edit source]
- Powerplant: Two Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca Adour Mk 102 turbofan engines
- Top speed: 1,699 km/h
- Range: 3,524 km
- Ceiling: 14,000 m
- Crew: 1
- Empty weight: 7,000 kg
- Length: 16.83 m
- Height: 4.89 m
- Wingspan: 8.68 m
- Armament: Two 30 mm cannons, five hardpoints capable of carrying missiles, rockets, bombs, and other ordnance.
References[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Societe Europenne de Production de L'Avion d'Ecole de Combat et d'Appui Tactique (European Production Company for the Combat Training and Tactical Support Aircraft)
Sources[edit | edit source]
- World Aircraft Information Files Aviation Partwork. Midsummer Books Ltd. File 251 Sheet 1 (World Military Aircraft:SEPECAT Jaguar - Introduction)
- WAIF File 251 Sheet 2 (World Military Aircraft:SEPECAT Jaguar - Jaguar Development)