Aircraft Wiki
JAS 39A/B Gripen

Air jas-39 gripen top smokewinders lg1

Role multirole fighter
Crew 1–2
Passengers 1 (Two Seat versions)
First flight 1988
Entered service 1996
Produced 202 (as of 2008)
Length 14,10 m 46 ft 3 in
Wingspan 8,40 m 27 ft 7in
Height 4,70 m 14 ft 9in
Wing area 25,54 m² 275 sq ft
Empty 6800 kg 12,346 lb
Loaded 8,720 kg 19,224 lb
Maximum takeoff 14,000 kg
Power (each) 5.507 kg st (dry) 8,212 kg st (afterburn) 12,141 lb st (dry) 18,105 lb st (afterburn)
Maximum speed 2.130 km/h (Mach 2+)
Cruising speed Mach 1.2–1.4 (Gripen NG)
Range 3000 km
Ceiling 15240 m 50,000 ft
Rate of climb 254 m/s 50,000 ft/min

The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is a Swedish fourth-generation fighter built by aerospace company Saab. It is a single engine, multirole-fighter designer for a single pilot. The C and D versions feature a longer canopy made for two persons.


Development of the JAS 39 began in 1980, with Saab forming Industri Gruppen JAS,[N 1] to develop an affordable and capable multi-role fighter to replace the various members of the Viggen family. Stig Holmstrom carried out the first flight on 9th December 1988,[1] with the first complete systems prototype, Gripen no. 3, flying in March 1991. However, problems soon emerged with the FBW flight control system, which were not resolved until 1995. Initial operational capability was achieved in 1997, and by the end of 2000, some 100 examples had entered service with Sweden. A further 28 examples for South Africa comprised the first export order.[2]

90 2 (1)

JAS means Fighter, Attack, Reconnaissance.



  1. Jakt/Attack/Spaning (Fighter/Attack/Reconnaisance)


  1. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. Salamander Books. 2001. ISBN 0 84065 269 1. Page 515.
  2. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. Page 516.